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Munich Agreement Picture

Under the Munich Agreement, the entire territory, mainly German, was to be returned to Czechoslovakia by 10 October. Poland and Hungary occupied other parts of the country and, after a few months, Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and what was left of Slovakia became a German puppet state. Chamberlain`s travels to Germany threatened not only to disrupt his plans, but also to steal his thunder. Yet Hitler was well aware that the Munich Accords offered the best chance of achieving his goals without an early war. There is no place to involve all the countries that took a strong interest in the after-the-year Munich crisis. But this selection shows that the image was not simple. Munich was not an isolated crisis, but the most recent episode of a five-year standoff, in which Hitler, in his desire to dominate Central and Eastern Europe, made and broke successive promises and agreements, while the British government had a policy that did not pretend to do so or would not fight while buying time for rearmament. On his way back from Munich, Chamberlain told an excited crowd at Heston airport: “It is peace for our time” and he praised the agreement he had signed with Hitler. This was the culmination of the policy of appeasement.

Six months later, Hitler stopped his promises and ordered his armies to invade Prague. Within a year, Britain and France were at war with Germany. One aspect of the huge riots of the past two weeks must affect anyone who thinks about its history. In the three most powerful countries in Central and Eastern Europe, people had no right to know what was said and done outside. There seems to have been very little news in Russia. In Germany and Italy, the message was deliberately falsified while it was not repressed. The German people were not to know the embassy of President Roosevelt. The Italian people were led to believe that Chamberlain agreed with Hitler and was only putting pressure on Benes. One of his speeches gave them a false version. The Manchester Guardian covered every corner of history, from the details of the deal Chamberlain, which appeared on the balcony of Buckingham Palace, to unease among other nations. One editorial found that the sheet of paper he was waving on his return to Britain was almost worthless. The agreement authorizing the annexation of the Sudetenland by Germany was signed on 29 September 1938.

He had reached an agreement setting out a timetable and conditions for the acquisition by the Nazis of the German-speaking space of Czechoslovakia, the Sudetenland.


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