After the latest amendments, the Style and Arrangement Commission was appointed “to revise and organize the style of the articles that had been agreed by the house.” Unlike other committees, there were no representatives of small states on the latter committee. Its members voted mostly in favour of a strong national government and were not sympathetic to the requirement of state rights. The Great Compromise created two legislative bodies in Congress. Also known as the Sherman Compromise or the Connecticut Compromise, the agreement combined proposals from the Virginia (Grand State) plan and the New Jersey (small state) plan. While the populations of the states were different in 1787, the differences were much less marked than they are today. For example, Wyoming 2020`s population is fading with 549,914 versus California`s 39.78 million. As a result, the hithert-unexpected political impact of the Great Compromise is that states with smaller populations have disproportionate power in the modern Senate. While California has nearly 70% more people than Wyoming, both states have two votes in the Senate. Divide the class into small groups. Imagine your group being a committee that is invited to make recommendations for the Senate.
Delegates or state representatives debated for months what should be enshrined in the Constitution. Some states voted in favour of a strong central government, while others opposed it. Large states felt that they should have more representation in Congress, while smaller states wanted equal representation with larger ones. In the years 1786-1787, 12 of the 13 states – all except Rhode Island – elected 74 delegates to participate in what is now known as the Constitution Convention in Philadelphia. Nineteen of these delegates decided not to adopt elections or participate in the debates. States had initially appointed seventy representatives of the Convention, but some of the nominees did not accept or were unable to participate, leaving fifty-five delegates for the draft Constitution. Almost all of these delegates had participated in the revolution. At least 29 delegates served in the Continental Armed Forces. Most of the delegates were members of the Congress of the Confederacy, and many had been members of the Continental Congress. Gary L. Gregg II, a political scientist at the University of Louisville in Kentucky, argues in a 2012 Politico article that major metropolitan areas already hold power by hosting major media centers, donors, academics and governments.
The structure of the Senate and the corresponding representation in the Electoral College, he says, ensure that the interests of rural and urban America are preserved. The imbalance of proportional power that favors small Senate states means that the interests of these countries, such as West Virginia or the hog farm in Iowa, are more likely to receive attention – and money – from the state coffers. At the time of the convention, the south expanded faster than the north, and the Southern countries had the largest Western pretensions. South Carolina, North Carolina and Georgia were small in the 1780s, but they expected growth, favouring proportional representation. New York was then one of the largest states, but two of its three representatives (Alexander Hamilton was the exception) supported equal representation by state, as part of their desire to see maximum autonomy for states. However, the other two representatives from New York left the Convention before the vote on the issue of representation, leaving Alexander Hamilton and New York state on this issue without a vote. We will be blogging about the Constitutional Convention in the days leading up to Constitution Day, September 17. In this first article, we will describe the conflict between large and small states; Later, we will talk about disputes between other groups over how to write the Constitution. Be sure to check for more! One of the most pressing topics of the debate was the election of the president.